Clever Suggestions For Everyone Who Would like A Payday Loan

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Have you been having trouble having to pay your debts? Should you get a hold of some cash immediately, without needing to bounce by way of plenty of hoops? If so, you really should think about taking out a payday loan. Prior to doing so although, read the suggestions in this article.

To prevent abnormal service fees, shop around before you take out a cash advance. There may be a number of businesses in the area that offer payday loans, and a few of those firms may possibly supply far better interest levels than others. By checking out close to, you just might reduce costs when it is time for you to repay the money.

Do not cope with companies that charge you beforehand. You do not wish to be surpised in the high rates of interest. Don’t forget to ask exactly what the rates to get a pay day loan are.

Well before making a decision on who to acquire a pay day loan with, be sure you research in the event the clients are reliable. You can do this about the Much better Business Bureau internet site. You will find fraudulent businesses that go after individuals who are in need. Take time to understand in the event the firm you’re interested in could be trusted.

Should you not know very much about a payday loan but are in desperate demand for a single, you may want to meet with a personal loan specialist. This might also be a pal, co-personnel, or member of the family. You need to successfully are certainly not getting ripped off, and that you know what you really are getting into.

You don’t have to behave like a normal consumer going through finalizing. If you feel you are failing to get an effective cash advance package, question to speak with a manager. At times, enterprises are prepared to negotiate so that you can keep your enterprise.

Constantly make sure that you have the cash to make the payments if they are due. The loan originator will quickly debit your account around the agreed upon expected day, to help you stay away from financial institution and lender costs by making confident the entire sum is available. You could possibly learn that other loan providers are able to work together with one to increase the time you get to pay out down your other financial obligations.

Should you get into difficulty, it can make very little feeling to dodge your pay day loan providers. Occasionally, you can get an extension, as concealing will bring about harassment. If you cannot spend your debt when it is due, attempt to get an extension.

Count on the payday advance firm to contact you. Each firm must confirm the data they acquire from every applicant, and therefore signifies that they need to get in touch with you. They should speak with you directly well before they agree the money. Therefore, don’t give them a amount that you just in no way use, or apply while you’re at the office. The more it takes to enable them to speak to you, the longer you have to wait for funds.

Try not to count on online payday loans to fund your way of life. Payday cash loans are expensive, so they ought to just be employed for urgent matters. Online payday loans are just developed to assist you to purchase unexpected health-related expenses, rent monthly payments or grocery shopping, whilst you wait around for your month-to-month salary out of your employer.

When you’re trying to try to get payday loans, you have to supply the financial institution a few different telephone numbers. They need your home number, mobile phone as well as the quantity in your function. Along with such contact details, plenty of loan companies also want personalized personal references.

An incredible part of payday loans is there is no need to acquire a credit rating examine or have equity to acquire financing. Several pay day loan organizations do not require any accreditations other than your proof of employment. Make sure you provide your pay out stubs together with you when you visit sign up for the borrowed funds.

If you are in the combine, you might have nowhere in addition to turn. It is hoped this short article provides some replies for yourself, and now you can determine if obtaining a payday loan could be the finest determination for you personally. Resolving a monetary difficulty requires some smart contemplating, as well as your judgements can produce a significant difference in your lifetime.

Can One Acquire Drugs With Apettite supressant 37.5 milligrams?

Right here at Phentermine 37.5 milligram .net, we have lots of questions regarding whether it is safe and sound to consider drugs with Apettite supressants 37.5 milligram , which could contain recommended medicines, nutritional supplements, and over-the-counter-top solutions for daily issues like head aches and heartburn. Take a look at describe all you need to know about having medications with Apettite supressants 37.5 mg , from specifically staying recommended prescription drugs to blend with Apettite supressants 37.5 mg , for the ways that Apettite supressant 37.5 mg  can connect to prescription medications, and just how even over-the-counter-top remedies is effective in reducing the effectiveness of Apettite supressant 37.5 milligram .

Apettite supressant 37.5 milligram  Combinations
Sometimes, doctors will specially recommend medicines with Phentermine 37.5 milligrams  – these are classified as Apettite supressant 37.5 milligrams  combinations from http://kositbangkok.com. The objective is that this blend of Apettite supressant 37.5 milligrams  and one more prescription medicine efficiently utilizes the potential for the Apettite supressants 37.5 milligram  and increases the possibility of successful weight loss. One mixture is Phen-Expert, the actual name given to the combination of Apettite supressant 37.5 milligram  and the lowest measure of an anti–depressant, including Prozac or Zoloft. The anti–depressant ingredient in Phen-Expert isn’t to treat major depression but rather is intended to help the Apettite supressants 37.5 milligrams  work more effectively at selling weight reduction.
One more typically given Apettite supressants 37.5 milligrams  combination is Qsymia, a mix of Phentermine 37.5 mg  and topiramate, an anti–convulsant substance that causes weight reduction as a complication. Qsymia is the manufacturer with this mix, however, many medical professionals choose to create two separate prescription medications for Apettite supressant 37.5 milligram  and topiramate, quite possibly in an effort to spend less because of their sufferers so that their Apettite supressants 37.5 mg  prescription costs less to fill. Apettite supressant 37.5 milligram  can be also given in other substance mixtures, including along with other weight-loss drug treatments like Belviq (known as Bel-Phen), zero-person suffering from diabetes medicines like Glucophage XR, with anti–convulsants including Zonegran, or with Norepinephrine-Dopamine Reuptake Chemical (NDRIs) like Wellbutrin SR. In some instances these combinations may be approved to help treat other active problems including stop snoring, metabolic malady, and diabetes, even though other permutations usually are meant to communicate to improve the potency of Phentermine 37.5 mg .
If you’ve been given Apettite supressants 37.5 milligrams from http://www.pkl-resort.com in combination with another drug, it is essential that your physician gives you why she or he has chosen this mix to suit your needs, what every single medicine does, the way the two come together, and just what probable connections may possibly occur because of the mixture to ensure you to know what can be expected, each in terms of final results and also achievable side effects. Ultimately, it needs to be pressured the combos are simply safe if specifically determined by a doctor. Although you may have personal prescriptions both for prescription drugs, without getting prescribed some combination by way of a physician who is aware of all your medical conditions and existing prescription drugs, harmful medicine connections can happen as a result of personal-medicating Phentermine 37.5 mg  combinations.
Having Approved Drugs With Apettite supressant 37.5 milligrams 
Whilst taking Apettite supressant 37.5 milligram , there’s always the possibility that you may want to consider other prescriptions at the same time for a variety of health concerns. These prescriptions belong to one among four categories: drugs for existing circumstances, medications for brand new conditions, small-phrase prescriptions, and contraception.
Drugs For Active Conditions
Most of these drugs can be these you could possibly have already been using short or long-time period, but which you’re taking during getting evaluated on your appropriateness to look at Phentermine 37.5 milligram . It is vital that you show your Apettite supressants 37.5 milligrams  doctor that you are taking these medications and how long you’ve been advised to look at them, particularly when they is just not your normal physician or consultant. You need to basically be given Apettite supressants 37.5 milligram  if it can be looked at as safe and sound so that you can get it plus the other prescription medication(azines) you are taking, and even then, you should be knowledgeable associated with a probabilities of interactions among medications and the ways to acknowledge the outward symptoms of these. So if you are given Apettite supressants 37.5 mg  by a different medical doctor, it is also best if you tell some other recommending doctors you may have that you are now getting Phentermine 37.5 milligram  – doing this, your records with the medical doctors you have exposure to will depend on night out, so that or no difficulties ought to come up everyone will have a much better placement that may help you.
Medicines For Brand New Problems
When you are getting Apettite supressants 37.5 mg , you might need to begin taking prescription drugs for severe or extended-term medical problems which are not formerly diagnosed. If your medical doctor who’s prescribing this new medication is a different medical doctor then you certainly ought to notify your ex that you’re getting Apettite supressant 37.5 mg , since it is also important to tell your Apettite supressants 37.5 milligram  doctor about this new medication. It might be required for you to quit taking Apettite supressants 37.5 mg  if there exists a likelihood how the two medicines may cause a hazardous connection. On the other hand, your Phentermine 37.5 milligrams  prescription might be altered to a new serving, or you may be encouraged to look at a different fat loss medicine.
drugs with Phentermine 37.5 milligrams 
Small-Term Solutions
Probably more likely than getting prescribed new drugs to get more critical health conditions, is the necessity to take a quick span of antibiotics or any other quick-term health professional prescribed whilst getting Apettite supressant 37.5 milligram . Most on the internet options state that Apettite supressants 37.5 milligrams  does not talk with most anti-biotics, but various hypersensitivity and respiration prescription drugs might cause interactions and unwanted side effects, so with this thought, it is always imperative that you show your medical professional you are getting Apettite supressant 37.5 mg  when you happen to be recommended every other medicine, no matter how small-time period it’s. Furthermore, it will be highly recommended so that you can have a break from Apettite supressant 37.5 mg  while you take this medication for a number of factors – to stop negative effects, in order that your medication performs properly, and in order that the effects of Apettite supressants 37.5 milligrams  are not compromised.

Birth Control Pills
If you can to get pregnant then you should use some sort of contraception when taking Apettite supressant 37.5 milligrams  as Apettite supressants 37.5 mg  cannot be taken by girls that are expecting a baby or trying to conceive. Oral contraceptives are not located to cause relationships with Apettite supressant 37.5 milligrams , even if you ought to even now make certain to share with your Apettite supressant 37.5 mg  doctor about the contraceptive capsule you are taking as there might be a necessity to modify your capsule as a way to balance your the body’s hormones.
Getting Health supplements And Low-Prescriptions With Apettite supressant 37.5 milligram 
While taking Phentermine 37.5 milligrams , along with approved prescription drugs, you may want to take control-the-counter-top (Over the counter) medicines every now and then. Additionally, lots of people choose acquire added supplements to boost wellness, assistance with along side it connection between Apettite supressant 37.5 milligram  or to enhance the potency of Phentermine 37.5 milligram .
Non-Prescriptions
Most of us go ahead and take periodic pill to help with every evening problems like severe headaches or indigestion, but when using Apettite supressants 37.5 milligrams  there may be the possibility that you are very likely to severe headaches, nausea or vomiting, wooziness, and bowel irregularity as many of the frequent Phentermine 37.5 mg  side consequences. Health-related research has learned that medications like aspirin will cause your urinary : pH for being much more acid (this means Apettite supressants 37.5 milligrams  is excreted quicker), so it is best to limit how much pain killers and other Non-prescription drugs you’re taking while you are getting Apettite supressant 37.5 milligrams  otherwise you are going to give up the potency of Apettite supressant 37.5 milligram . When you’re prescribed Apettite supressant 37.5 milligrams , it is a great idea to question the doctor if she or he would advise any sort of medications for situations like upset stomach, head aches, or any other aches that you may be at risk of, as some may be a little more appropriate than these when obtained with Phentermine 37.5 milligram .
Dietary supplements
Dietary supplements including 5-HTP or b12 shots are often given alongside Apettite supressants 37.5 mg  to increase effects of curbing your appetite as well as-improving. You can even choose to consider dietary supplements, including the multivitamin pill Phen Vites, as a way to decrease other Apettite supressant 37.5 milligrams  side effects including lower disposition, deficiency of energy, and insomnia rather than taking extra prescription drugs including sleeping pills or anti–depressants. Additionally, these health supplements help to maximize the outcomes of Apettite supressants 37.5 milligram  unlike some medications which could trigger Apettite supressant 37.5 milligrams  to be released from your system faster, consequently lessening the body weight-decline-increasing results. If you think that Apettite supressants 37.5 milligrams  has eradicated or it is not as good as you needed wished, then you may desire to add a supplement such as Phen Hats. Phen Truck caps function like Phentermine 37.5 milligrams  by suppressing hunger and enhancing power, but as Phen Hats include distinct substances, they’re metabolized through the system differently and therefore help to boost great and bad Phentermine 37.5 milligrams  through different elements in your body.
 
Just like incorporating any medicines, taking medications with Apettite supressants 37.5 milligram  is something that should be done if it’s been approved by way of a physician. And, even if you were told it is great to take a drugs with Apettite supressants 37.5 mg , you must even now make sure to be extra wary about the potential of extra unwanted effects which could take place as a result of an connection forwards and backwards prescription drugs, when they’ve been approved in your case or are no-medications.

Best Prices and other details about corner sofa beds

With the smaller spaces that can be found in homes and condominiums, many home owners are thinking of creative ways on how they can have efficient solutions for small areas by using corner sofa bed with storage which have many uses and which they can also decorate. There are many kinds of corner sofa bed that are being sold in the market and this kind of furniture has a double feature that can function well in a bedroom or in a guest room as well.

There are corner sofa bed that has storages which can be placed in your living room and there are also other guides that you can follow in order for you to decorate properly your corner sofa bed and this will be a big help for you. You have to first measure up the size of the room so that you would know the size of the corner sofa bed sale that you are going to purchase for your room and the dimensions of the room should also be defined.

The use of the corner sofa bed is a great solution for maximizing or optimizing the space of the room and you must also learn on how you can rearrange the other furniture that can be found inside the room. There are many kinds of materials for a corner sofa bed and if you want to buy one, you may choose a sofa bed made up of a genuine leather because this is more classy as compared to other kinds of materials.

Fabric material for corner sofa bed is available in the market if you fine the genuine leather material quite expensive and this fabric can also blend in with other designs and colors of furniture that you would want to place in your room together with the corner sofa bed and this would be very helpful for you. You can always buy additional storage with fabric textiles as its cover so that it will be more decorative and colorful when you place it under the cheap corner sofa bed and this is very functional for small space in your room along with other furniture.

If you will buy a corner sofa bed make sure that the base material of your sofa bed is very durable so that it can last for a long time whether the material is a genuine leather of a fabric. Bright colored pillows or cushions can be added to your corner sofa bed if you want to decorate it with something lively and with something that is not that expensive and with this, the decorations will also be pleasing to the eyes.

Bubble Film Machine

Three layers Air Bubble Film Machine

bubble film machine
  air bubble film sheet

This aircrew adopts the disposable shaping craft. it is our company that draws domestic and inter national advanced technology extensively,through a great deal of production practices in having ordinary equipment originally, develop, designing,Can produced polyethylene compound bubble (cushion)membrane in succession.designs science,practical,rational in structure of the machine. 

1. This model can produce 2-3 layer bubble film.
2.  Suitable for a wide spectrum of material including
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3. Bubble size from diameter of    6mm to    32mm,
    according to requirement.
4. Automatic winder optional, which could greatly
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Main Technical Variables:Model

KDPEG-1000 KDPEG-1200 KDPEG-1500 KDPEG-2000

Main&minor Screw Dia.60mm/50mm 65mm/55mm 85mm/65mm 95mm/70mm

Film width:1000mm 1200mm 1500mm 2000mm

Output:120kg/h 160kg/h 180kg/h 250kg/h

L/D:28:1 28:1 28:1 28:1 

Optional equipment:
1) Auto loader
2) Automatic change roller
3) Air shaft


Kingdom Machine co.,ltd team professional produce Plastic Bag Machine,Automatic T-shirt bag making machine,film blowing machine,blown film extrusion,flexo printing machine,stretch film machine,bubble film machine,recycle machine for over 15 years.

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Athens – What To See And How To See It

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There are so many aspects of current civilization that were birthed in ancient Athens. Among these are theatre, philosophy, democracy, classical art and even the Olympic games. Athens is located on the southern coast of Greece and has existed for over 7,000 years providing a rich culture expressed in a diverse setting. The term diverse fits as you will find ancient relics and sites in some of the same areas where there are trendy boutiques and sidewalk cafes all mixed in together. This mixture of the very old and the new create a very unique experience provided nowhere in the world like it is provided in the ancient city of Athens. You will need to be sure your passport is up to day so if you need to add passport pages, be sure to go online and access a passport site to help you with this so you can be on you way.

World travel requires a passport but computers have simplified all passport needs. Even if you have to get an emergency passport, an online passport is available to help you. No one plans to have their travel documents lost or stolen but if this happens, help is as close as the nearest computer.

Athens is a city that contains many sites that make history come alive so this is certainly the ideal place for lovers of history to visit. High on top of the Acropolis you will find the Parthenon. This famous sight has earned the honor of being named as a World Heritage Site by UNESCO. Investigating these ruins takes you back to sights names in Greek Mythology related to gods and goddesses, the titans and many other mythological characters. Admission to this site also opens the Theatre of Dionysus, the Roman Agora and the Temple of Olympian Zeus to the traveler.

Being the birthplace of the performing arts, it is no wonder that the arts and culture are very important to the Athenians. While the National Gallery is certainly large and well known, many smaller art galleries populate the city. Athens is also host to approximately 148 theatres so if you are in the mood for a show, the difficult part will be which performance to see. Among the theatres is the famous Herodes Atticus Theatre.

Using a bike or even walking around this city is a wonderful way to see the sights. Green space is always welcome when you travel to big cities and the National Garden of Athens provides an exceptional treat. Within it can be found a small zoo, ponds with ducks, colorful flowers and beautiful landscape with no shortage of a shady tree to relax under and consider the sights of the day.

For those who would like to shop till your drop, your experience will be a little different in Athens. Rather than large malls and strip centers, you will find street vendors selling custom crafts rather than name brand items. Some of the most visited markets are found on Plaka, Kolonaki and Ermou Street. You will find endless selections of shoes, purses and jewelry if you visit here and the quality will certainly not disappoint you.

Authentic cuisine is always interesting in a foreign city and Athens is no exception to this rule. Known for their souvlaki, which is comprised of grilled meat, veggies and a special yogurt sauce, this Athenian staple is considered a treat by all who try it.

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Athens – Church of Agioi Theodoroi

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Crossing Odos Dragatsaniou, in the end stands the attractive medieval church of Agioi Theodoroi (St. Theodore), built on the site of a church founded in the ninth century, but in its present form dating from between 1050 and 1075. This small cruciform church with its high narrow dome, multiple roofs that lend it an air of rhythmic grace, narrow mullioned windows and decorated central door surmounted by arches, is a precious gem of eleventh century Byzantine architecture.

The earliest form of Byzantine churches was that of the basilica, a long rectangle divided by two or four ranges of columns into three or five naves. Later, during the 11th and 12th centuries, the plan changed to that of a Greek cross within a square, dominated by a dome constructed in brick and often combined with one or more subsidiary domes. The exterior walls consist of square-cut stone with thin brick surrounds and are enriched by bands of decoration, carving and the use of color. Few of these churches were large. Apart from St. Theodore, typical examples are the churches of Kapnikarea and St. Eleutherios.

The glory of the Byzantine church lies not so much in the architecture as to the ethereal beauty of its mosaics or frescoes. From the center of the principal dome Christ looks down upon the faithful and below Him are the Apostles. The Virgin appears in the half dome, while around the sanctuary are symbolic figures and emblems connected with the Eucharist. On the West wall opposite the chancel is the Last Judgement. Colored marble and similar material in the lower walls add to the resplendent beauty of the interior.

The liturgy of the Greek Orthodox Church requires separation of the altar from the laity. The altar is placed in a chancel screened from the congregation by the iconostasis, i.e. the screen dividing the sanctuary from the church proper. This is adorned with pictures of Christ, the Virgin, and Saints, and generally has three doors, the curtains of which are lowered while Mass is being celebrated. The chancel is flanked by the Prothesis, where the bread and wine for the Eucharist are prepared, and by the Diakonikon, or vestry.

In St. Theodore one can also notice the influence of the East on Byzantine art, which was prominent in the period from the mid-9th to mid-11th centuries, when Byzantine artists used a variety of Oriental motifs in their designs. It is probable that the design of pseudo-kufic characters (the script perfected during the 7th century by calligraphers in the city of Kafa, in present-day Iraq) that decorate the terracotta panel below the windows of the facade was inspired by the work of Arab craftsmen.

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The Acropolis – Athens, Goddess Athena

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Archaeologists tell us that the original city of Athens was situated on the Acropolis. Even in classical times, the Athenians still referred to this area as “the City.” The city of Athens and its patron goddess emerge into the light of history as inseparably coupled. In Mycenaean times each city was built around a central palace, and each palace was under the protection of its patron goddess. Athena was the goddess of the palace on the Acropolis. The names of the city and its goddess are essentially the same: Athena was Athens, and Athens was Athena. She was “The Athenian.” The ancient Athenians seem to have exhibited, during much of their history, precisely those virtues which they traditionally attributed to her. This may be because, when the Athenians imagined their goddess, they did so in their own image.

According to the myth, Zeus fell in love with a beautiful titaness, Metis (“Cunning Intelligence”). Although she repeatedly changed her shape to avoid his unwelcome attentions, as was his way, he persisted. In the end he caught up with her and raped her.

An oracle then announced that Metis would bear Zeus two children: first a daughter then, a son, and the son would be mightier than his father. Just as Zeus had once overthrown and dispossessed his own father, Chronos, so he was destined in his turn, to be overthrown by his own son. In a desperate attempt to avoid sharing his father’s fate, Zeus gave Metis a potion of drugged ambrosia, and then swallowed her whole.

Some time afterwards a terrible headache came upon him. In great pain, he sought the advice of Hermes, whose only suggestion was that Hephaestos, the smith of the gods, should open his head in order to allow the cause of his pain to escape. Zeus was so desperate that even this drastic remedy was preferable to doing nothing, and Hephaestos was duly summoned to cleave open Zeus’ head with his mighty axe. When he did so, to the astonishment of all the immortals, Athena sprang out with a great war-cry, fully-formed, wearing armour and bearing arms.

Zeus’ daughter not only became the patron of many arts at that time normally considered masculine preserves, such as ceramics, she was also credited with a distinctly unfeminine warlike nature. When the Olympian gods were faced with a titanic struggle against the giants, Athena played a major role in the war, defeating the giant Enkelados in single combat. She came to be depicted not merely as a virgin goddess, but, as an ancient Roman writer put it, as a virago: as a female capable of playing a leading role in a world dominated by men.

It came to be said that the reason for the birth of this goddess lay in a wager between Zeus and his consort, Hera, as to which of them could generate the better progeny entirely alone and unaided. By herself, Hera managed to produce only the crippled god, Hephaestos and a monster; while Zeus was able to bring forth, in Athena, one of the greatest of the Immortals.

This seems to have been a picturesque reference to a widespread belief, which was to appear later in the works of the philosopher Aristotle: that the father alone is responsible for generating his children, and for providing them with their inherited characteristics, and that their mother affords them nothing more than a temporary shelter and sustenance in her womb during her pregnancy.

This is a striking example of the strong climate of male chauvinism which dominated the early classical period in ancient Greece, which is very evident in myth and legend.

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Ancient History – Athens

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Archaeologists have found evidence that Athens has been inhabited from at least the fifth millennium BC. The site would have been attractive to early settlers for a number of reasons: its location in the midst of productive agricultural terrain; its closeness to the coast and the natural safe harbour of Piraeus; the existence of defensible high ground, the Acropolis (from akron and polis, or ‘city on the high ground’); and the proximity of a natural source of water on the north-west side of the Acropolis.

Traces of Mycenaean fortifications from the thirteenth century AC can still be seen on the Acropolis, including some foundations belonging to what must have been a palatial structure. The fortifications, known as the ‘Pelasgian’ walls (after the indigenous people believed to have built them before the arrival of the Greeks around 2000 BC), remained in use until the Persian Wars of 490-480 BC. One stretch behind the temple of Athena Nike appears to have been deliberately preserved in the Classical period.

There was a decline of Mycenaean society across the Greek world around the end of the twelfth century BC. Whether this was directly connected with the Trojan War (around 1184 BC), or the so-called Dorian Invasion thought to have taken place soon after this conflict, Athens does not appear to have succumbed to an attack. The Mycenaean royal family of Pylos is said to have taken refuge in Athens after their city’s fall to the Dorians. One of its members, Codros, became king of his adoptive city.

The collapse of Mycenaean civilization left Greece in political, economic and social decline, accompanied by loss of artistic skills, literacy and trade networks. The Mycenaean form of writing, known as Linear B, was completely forgotten, and the Greek alphabet did not emerge until the late eighth century BC as the new form of writing. At this time city states began to emerge throughout the Greek world, governed by oligarchies, or aristocratic councils. Thirteen kings ruled in Athens after Codros, until in 753 BC they were replaced by officials with a ten-year term, known as decennial archons, and in 683 BC by annually appointed eponymous archons.

Conflict between the oligarchs and the lower classes, many of whom had been reduced to slavery, led to a series of reforms that paved the way for the emergence of the world’s first true democracy. Around 620 BC the lawmaker Dracon set up wooden tablets on the Acropolis known as axones. These were inscribed with civil laws and punishments so harsh that the death penalty was prescribed even for minor crimes, giving rise to the term `draconian’ which is still used today. Dracon’s intervention did little to ensure order, prompting representatives of the nobles and lower classes in 594 BC to appoint the statesman and poet Solon as archon.

Solon terminated aristocratic rule, setting up a representational government where participation was determined not by lineage or bloodline, but wealth. He eliminated slavery based on debt, and restituted freedom and land to those who had been enslaved. Solon created a `Council of Four Hundred’ from equal numbers of representatives of the Ionian tribes to which the Athenians claimed to belong, and instituted four classes of citizenry.

Peisistratos, Solon’s younger cousin, became tyrant (tyrannos) of Athens in 545 BC. He ensured the Solonian constitution was respected and governed benevolently. After Peisistratos’ death, however, things took a negative turn and anti-Peisistratid sentiment grew. By 510 BC King Cleomenes of Sparta was asked to assist in deposing Peisistratos’ son Hippias. Hippias sought refuge in Persia at the court of King Darius.

Soon after, the aristocrat Cleisthenes promised to institute further reforms giving a more direct role to citizens in government. His reforms were passed in 508 BC, and democracy was established in Athens. A new `Council of Five Hundred’ (the Boule) replaced the ‘Council of Four Hundred’, with equal representation from the various tribes. Cleisthenes is also credited with instituting the system of ostracism, which ‘voted’ an individual considered dangerous to democracy into exile for ten years.

It is uncertain when the former Mycenaean citadel was transformed into a sacred precinct but by the late eighth century BC a modest temple (or perhaps more than one) stood on the plateau. The oldest and holiest cult image on the Acropolis was the statue of Athena Polias (Protectress of the City), a crude olive-wood figure, so old that Athenians of the Classical period believed it had either fallen from heaven or been made by Cecrops or Erichthonios. This sacred image of Athena was ritually ‘dressed’ every year in a peplos, a sacred robe, as part of the Panathenaic festival.

A temple is thought to have been built around 700 BC to the south of the later, Classical Erechtheion, to house the statue of Athena Polias. The first major building of which there are significant remains on the Acropolis was the so-called ‘Bluebeard Temple’, built in the Archaic period around 560 BC. The ‘Bluebeard Temple’ is thought by some to have stood to the south of the later Erechtheion. Ancient texts mention a mysterious building or precinct contemporary to the ‘Bluebeard Temple’, called the Hecatompedon, or ‘Hundred-footer’. Whatever this structure or place was, it gave its name to the principal room of the Classical Parthenon, perhaps because the later building occupies the same site.

With the expulsion of Hippias a new temple was built on the Acropolis, its foundations still visible to the south of the later Erechtheion. This building, the Archaios Naos, or ‘ancient temple’, is likely to have been deliberately commissioned around 506 BC as a replacement for the ‘Bluebeard Temple’.

The first Persian invasion of 490 BC saw the victory of the Athenians at the battle of Marathon against the forces of King Darius of Persia. The following year the elated Athenians leveled an area on the south side of the Acropolis and began construction of the Old Parthenon. A new gateway to the Acropolis was also commenced, known as the Old Propylaia.

This post-Marathonian building program on the Acropolis came to a violent end in 480 BC when Xerxes, son of King Darius, led a second Persian invasion of Greece. Athens had to be evacuated and Xerxes razed the city and buildings on the Acropolis. Under the command of Themistocles, the Athenians destroyed the Persian fleet in the battle of Salamis. Victory over the Persians was ensured after the battle of Plataea (479 BC), to the northwest of Athens, when a combined Greek army annihilated the Persians.

In the aftermath of the battle of Plataea, a vow was made by the victors never to rebuild the shrines that were destroyed in the war, preserving them instead as memorials for later generations.

Pericles, who was a general and statesman, came to power in Athens around 461 BC. He considered the oath of Plataea to have been fulfilled, as thirty years had elapsed from the Persian invasion, and proceeded to reconstruct the temples on the Acropolis. He gathered together the best architects and artists in the city and plans were drawn up to erect new buildings that would outshine those torn down by the Persians. The Periclean building programme enhanced the lower city with new monuments, such as the Temple of Hephaestus, also known as the Theseion, and the Painted Stoa or Poikile situated near the Agora (marketplace).

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Athens – The Destination

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Athens was named after Athena, the Greek goddess of wisdom, which is certainly fitting for the birthplace itself. Evidence of its ancient heyday is everywhere, in the remnants of monuments, statuary and sacred sites that are still revered as survivors of one of history’s most important eras.

A Poseidon adventure in art

In Greek mythology, Poseidon is the god of sea, so it is only fitting that the astoundingly wrought bronze statue of him was raised from the bottom of the Aegean Sea, where it lay for centuries after a shipwreck off the Cape of Artemision. The two-meter tall figure stands with arms extended and leaning forward on its left leg. The right hand once held a trident, and the unknown sculptor clearly was a master in accurately duplicating the complicated balancing act that goes into the seemingly simple motion of throwing a spear.

This work of art is one of the many stunning bronzes at the National Archeological Museum in Athens. The museum’s collection – which includes pieces that date all the way back to the prehistoric period – offers the best collection of Greek art in the world. Renovations closed the museum for a year and half, but it was reopened just in time for the 2004 Olympic Games.

At 260 feet above the city, the Acropolis (“high city”) is not only the highest point in Athens, but for many people it is the high point of any visit to Greece. It is the oldest known settlement in Greece and was a sacred site for ancient Athenians.

During the period of 448 to 420 B.C., the distinguished Athenian statesman Pericles commissioned the construction of four new monuments on the Acropolis at the site of former ruins. The Athenian sculptor Phidias presided over the construction and interior design. The Ionic Erechtheum includes the Porch of Caryatids, with its column in the shape of monumental female figures that identify remains a mystery. The Ionic Temples of Athena Nike, dedicated to the cult of Athena as the goddess of victory, was built during the Peloponnesian War, its frieze depicts the Greek victory over the Persians in the battle of Plataea. The Propylaea, the gateway to the Acropolis with rows of both Doric and Ionic columns, replaced an earlier version destroyed by the Persians. And of course, the Acropolis remains home to what’s left of the Parthenon.

The Parthenon, designed by architects Iktinos and Kallikrates, took 15 years to complete. It was the closest to Pericles’ heart: Among various friezes depicting life among gods, the large statue of Athena represented his homage to the goddess and to the greatness of Athens.

Even in A.D. 131, savvy developers like the Roman Emperor Hadrian recognized the importance of signage. “This is the city of Hadrian and not of Theseus,” reads the inscription on Hadrian’s arch, situated at the foot of the Acropolis and once the marker between Hadrianopolis and the Athens city limits. The side facing the Acropolis and ancient Athens reads, ” This is Athens, the city of Theseus.”

Like all the surrounding monuments and the Athens infrastructure itself, Hadrian’s Arch has undergone a major facelift. The 60-foot high archway, constructed of Pentelic marble, upheld by columns with Corthinian capitals and topped by a series of Corinthians columns, lost a bit of structural stability in the mid-18th century, when 8 of its columns were removed.

Restorers shored up the arch, cleaned away centuries of pollution and repaired its cracks, just in time for the 2004 Olympic Games.

The Evzones

The Evzones were once the elite soldiers of the Greek army. Today they are the presidential guards, a ceremonial unit that maintains watch over The Parliament, The Presidential Mansion and The Tomb of the Unknown Soldier. The soldiers wear a traditional and highly photogenic uniform comprising a scarlet cap with a long black tassel, a cotton tunic, black knee tassels above white stockings, red clogs with black pompons and a woolen kilt called a fustanella. The fustanella has 400 pleats, one for each year that the Greeks were on the occupation of the Ottoman Empire. Bearing leather cartridge belts and rifles with a bayonet, the soldiers maintain strict physical discipline as they stand at attention and resist tourists’ attempts to distract them.

A changing of guard is performed daily before the Tomb of the Unknown Soldier, but on Sundays, the complete ceremony – involving an army band and dozens of soldiers – is conducted.

Alice in Wonderland

Imagine Alice in Wonderland’s tumble into a magical world, and you will have an idea what this-off-beaten-path attraction in the Village of Paiania is like. Far larger than a rabbit hole, Koutouki Cave is a natural wonder that will awe you with its colors and formations. In 1926, a goat disappeared from its herd where it was grazing on the slope of Mount Ymittos. A search turned up a small crevice, and a brave soul descended by rope into the abyss below. The goat had not survived the fall, but its intended rescuer returned with a story of a beautiful underground chamber.

The vertical cave consists of a 38.5 meter shaft that opens onto a large cavern with a diameter of about 60 meters. Guided tours take visitors in through a man-made entrance and lead them on a path through stalactites and stalagmites formed by mineral deposits from water seeping through the limestone of the mountain. The tour ends with a light show accompanied by classical music. It’s just a short taxi ride from Athens to nearby Paiania.

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Seeing the Sights of Athens Through Taxi Tours

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There is no denying how Athens is one of the most important sites in the world for political, economic and aesthetic advancement and enhancement. For many people, it IS the most significant place in the world, period. And this birthplace of western philosophy seems to have fanned its mysticism throughout the ages. Today, Athens is still one of the most visited sites in the world. Many people want to retrace the footsteps of famous philosophers, writers and artists. Not to mention that Athens has a rugged beauty that merits separate praise.

This busy city is made up of twelve hills, seven of which play a historical role in Athens’ rise. Acropolis and Lycavittos are the two most prominent as it is where most of the important historical landmarks such as the Parthenon, Temple of Athena, Theatre of Dionysius and Temple of Olympian Zeus is found. Being made up of seven hills though, Athens is a difficult place to tour if you’re planning to do it via foot. Unless you plan to isolate yourself to a particular section throughout your trip, let’s say in Acropolis, for example, then conquering it via foot would be fine. But if you want an overall tour of the area, trekking it just won’t do especially when there’s a time element involved. You can rely on their Metro train system which is quite effective and cheap to boot. One can take you to the city center for €6. For those traveling in groups, there are packages for three or more which can be purchased in the different stations. Buses and a suburban railway system will also do.

However if comfort and convenience is a priority, then taking an Athens taxi is the best mode of transportation whilst in the area. You can get one in advance prior to arriving so an itinerary can be planned for you. Getting a package in advance will also garner you discounts. Should you decide to get one from the airport though, you will be paying €30-35 for the single ride and you can negotiate for a taxi tour from there. Taxi tours in Athens is one of the easiest ways to go around in the area. Overall price will depend on what you and your driver will agree to. Be careful when flagging taxis. Some of them may take advantage that you’re a tourist and will not flag down their meters in hopes for getting a bulk price. There are also tariffs involved. Make sure that the Tariff is Tariff 1. Tariff 2 doubles the rate and is applicable after midnight. Make sure to read the driver well. If you think the rate is abnormally high, then check with an English-speaking local to confirm the price.

Make sure also that you’re getting taxis from a reliable company. Although canary yellow taxis are very common in Athens, you will have no hold if the driver tries to fraud you whereas a taxi that hails under a company will be more careful. As common practice, taxis follow two rates, one that applies inside the city limits including the airport and one that applies outside of it. The minimum fare of Rate 1 is €1 while the minimum fare of Rate 2 is €2.65. If you’re from the airport, the fare will start at €3.20 and if there’s heavy luggage involved then a minimum rate will be added to that too.

Taxi tours can be quite tricky but many attest that it’s all worth it considering you get to see the sights of Athens at your own time and pace.

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